Sabtu, 06 Oktober 2007

Food Safety for People with Diabetes

Susceptibility to infections makes safe food-handling essential

Diabetes strikes people of all ages. Approximately 7 percent of the U.S. population – both children and adults – has the disease.Food safety, while important for everyone, is of particular concern for those with diabetes. Diabetes can affect various organs and systems of the body, causing them to function improperly. For example, the immune system may not readily recognize harmful bacteria or other types of pathogens. Impairments to stomach and kidney functions can mean that the body holds onto these pathogens longer and allows them to grow. All of this means increased susceptibility to infection.To avoid contracting foodborne illness, those who suffer from diabetes, as well as their caregivers, must be especially vigilant when handling, preparing, and consuming food. Nancy Bock, Vice President of Education at The Soap and Detergent Association, offers some basic steps for food safety.
• Clean: Wash hands and food preparation surfaces often.
• Separate: Keep raw meat, poultry, seafood, and eggs away from other foods in the shopping cart, grocery bags, refrigerator and on preparation surfaces.
• Cook: Use a food thermometer to ensure that all foods are cooked or reheated to the proper temperature.
• Chill: Refrigerate or freeze meat, poultry, eggs, seafood, and other perishables within two hours of cooking or purchasing – within one hour if the temperature outside is above 90°F.For additional information about food safety and diabetes, the publication Food Safety for People with Diabetes can be downloaded in PDF format by visiting www.fsis.usda.gov/PDF/Food_Safety_for_Diabetics.pdf

Cleaning Product Safety
Science and Research Are Stronger than Fear

Proper use of cleaning products serves a critical role in preventing the spread of infectious disease, ensuring good health and controlling allergy and asthma triggers. Responsible manufacturers ensure that their products go through comprehensive, extensive risk assessments, and also review scientific developments and monitor product-use data that may affect the safety assessment process. An incredible amount of research and development goes on before these products ever hit the shelves, not to mention that the products must meet certain federal and state quality and safety regulations, states Nancy Bock, Vice President of Education at The Soap and Detergent Association.These products are used safely and effectively in homes, schools, businesses, and healthcare settings every day, yielding improvements in both hygiene and overall quality of life. Key to safety and effectiveness are three simple words: Use as directed. This means:

• Read the label carefully• Use the product properly• Store the product securely

A recent report, based in part on outdated databases that malign ingredients commonly found in cleaning products, has received media attention. To help consumers make informed, educated decisions about their use of cleaning products, SDA has launched a new micro website, CleaningProductsFacts.com. It offers quick, useful, fact-based information on the human health and environmental safety of cleaning products.

Q: My friend insists that it’s best to use hot water for removing stains. Is she right?
A: With hot water, you run the risk of setting the stain. Cool water (85° to 100°F or 29° to 38°C) is generally the best choice because it is gentle on fabrics, minimizes chances of dye loss and won’t set the stain. However, before tackling the stain, check the item’s care label.

Q: How do I remove Halloween makeup stains from my kids’ clothes?A: Face paint or other makeup is becoming more popular than masks at Halloween. It’s fun to use and it’s also safer because it doesn’t obstruct kids’ vision like a mask does. Pretreat stains with a prewash stain remover, and then launder according to the garment’s care label instructions.

Clean Ideas: The Well-stocked Laundry Closet

Have the right products on hand to avoid a laundry emergencyDetergent is the mainstay of your laundry closet. All-purpose laundry detergents come in two forms: liquid, which is especially effective on food, greasy and oily soils, and also for pretreating spots and stains; and powder, which is ideal for general washday loads. They are also available with additives such as bleach and fabric softener, and in formulas designed for specific use, such as cold-water wash or high-efficiency washing machines. But for optimum washday results, here are some other products to have on hand.

1. Oxygen bleach. Although it is often referred to as all-fabric bleach, it isn’t recommended for silk, wool, acetate, and some flame-retardant fabrics. Read the fabric care label to be sure it’s safe for the fabric.

2. Chlorine bleach. It’s designed to take out stains, but can remove color too. It also acts as a disinfectant, which is why it’s recommended for items like baby bibs, dishcloths and cloth diapers. Read the fabric care label to be sure it’s safe for the fabric.

3. Enzyme presoak. It can be especially effective in removing protein stains, like baby formula, blood, body fluids, dairy products, eggs, and grass. When added to the wash water, it also boosts the cleaning power of the detergent.

4. Fabric softener. Decreases static cling, which can be especially useful when washing permanent-press and synthetic fibers. Fabric softener is designed to make fabrics softer and fluffier, reduce drying time, reduce wrinkling, and make ironing easier. There are two versions: one goes into the final rinse cycle; the other goes in the dryer.

5. Prewash soil and stain removers. Available as liquids, sprays, gels, sticks, and soap bars. They can be effective in pretreating heavily soiled and stained garments, especially those made from polyester fibers. They can also work well on oil-based stains like animal fats, body soils, cooking oils, cosmetics, and motor oils. Soap bars can work well on fabric softener, perspiration and tobacco stains.

6. Starches, fabric finishes, and sizings. Available as powders, liquids, and sprays, these products are designed to give body to fabrics, make them more soil-resistant, and make ironing easier.

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